What is algophobia?

Algophobia is an extreme fear of physical pain. While nobody wants to experience pain, people with this phobia have intense feelings of worry, panic or depression at the thought of pain. The anxiety of algophobia can also make you more sensitive to pain. It’s most common in people with chronic pain syndromes. Other names for this condition include “pain-related fear” and “pain anxiety.”

How common is algophobia?

Pain-related fear in people with chronic pain is common. One study suggests that half of people with low back pain have an elevated sense of fear about their pain. Chronic pain affects between 20% and 50% of people worldwide and is one of the most common reasons that people see a healthcare provider. About 67% of people with chronic pain also have a mental health condition such as anxiety or depression.


What causes algophobia?

Sudden fear and anxiety protect us from dangerous situations. If we see a bear, it’s natural to feel scared and want to escape. But people with chronic pain may develop ongoing fear and anxiety as protective measures. They avoid activities or situations that they think could cause more pain or make their pain worse. Unfortunately, exaggerating the threat of pain can actually make the pain worse.

The same chemicals in your brain that regulate fear and anxiety also regulate how you perceive pain. So chemical imbalances can trigger both problems.   more





Dementia is a term used to describe a group of symptoms affecting memory, thinking and social abilities severely enough to interfere with your daily life. It isn’t a specific disease, but several diseases can cause dementia.

Though dementia generally involves memory loss, memory loss has different causes. Having memory loss alone doesn’t mean you have dementia, although it’s often one of the early signs of the condition.

Alzheimer’s disease is the most common cause of a progressive dementia in older adults, but there are a number of other causes of dementia. Depending on the cause, some dementia symptoms might be reversible.



Dementia symptoms vary depending on the cause, but common signs and symptoms include:

Cognitive changes

  • Memory loss, which is usually noticed by someone else
  • Difficulty communicating or finding words
  • Difficulty with visual and spatial abilities, such as getting lost while driving
  • Difficulty reasoning or problem-solving
  • Difficulty handling complex tasks
  • Difficulty with planning and organizing
  • Difficulty with coordination and motor functions
  • Confusion and disorientation

Psychological changes

  • Personality changes
  • Depression
  • Anxiety
  • Inappropriate behavior
  • Paranoia
  • Agitation
  • Hallucinations   more


What it is:

Substance/medication-induced depressive disorder is characterized by a
prominent and persistent change in mood, exhibiting clear signs of depression or
a marked decrease in interest or pleasure in daily activities and hobbies, and these
symptoms start during or soon after a certain substance/medication has been
taken, or during withdrawal from the substance/medication. The individual’s
mental health history, as well as the nature of the substance/medication taken
must be taken into account, to ensure that the depressive symptoms cannot be
better explained by a different diagnosis.


The symptoms of the depressive disorder must also be severe enough to cause
impairment in the day to day functionality of the individual. Withdrawal times for
various substances from the body vary, and so the depressive symptoms may
continue for some time after the individual has ceased taking the

Common symptoms:

1. Constantly feeling sad, hopeless or empty
2. Constantly feeling irritated or agitated
3. Excessive weight gain or loss during a short period of time
4. Sleeping too much or too little
5. Low energy levels or fatigue
6. Low self-esteem
7. Poor levels of concentration
8. Decreased sex drive
9. Increased thoughts of death and dying, including suicidal thoughts and
10. The above symptoms must all have manifested during or after a specific
substance/medication was taken or during withdrawal  read more

Depressive Episode

What is a depressive episode?

The definition of a depressive episode is a period of depression that persists for at least two weeks. During a depressive episode, a person will typically experience low or depressed mood and/or loss of interest in most activities, as well as a number of other symptoms of depression, such as tiredness, changes in appetite, feelings of worthlessness and recurrent thoughts of death. The length of a depressive episode varies, but the average duration is thought to be six to eight months.

Depression is a common illness, and many people will experience one or more episodes of depression in their lifetime. While people of all races and ages can experience depressive episodes, they tend to be more common among women than men. People who have a history of depression, other mental health conditions such as bipolar disorder or anxiety, or chronic physical conditions such as diabetes, chronic pain or multiple sclerosis, also have a higher risk of experiencing a depressive episode.

The severity of a depressive episode varies; it may be classified as major or minor, depending on the number of symptoms and degree of impairment (social, domestic and work) experienced. Regardless of the severity, all depressive episodes should be taken seriously and treated promptly by a professional healthcare provider. Effective treatment, which typically involves medication and/or therapy, for depression is available.

Without appropriate treatment, the risk of experiencing further episodes of depression is thought to be higher. The risk of another depressive episode occurring seems to increase with every new episode, with each one likely to last longer and be more severe than the previous one. Timely treatment can alleviate the symptoms of depression and help shorten the duration of any future episodes.  read more

Everything You Need to Know About Bipolar Disorder

What is bipolar disorder?

Bipolar disorder is a mental health condition marked by extreme shifts in mood.

Key symptoms include:

  • episodes of mania, or an extremely elevated mood
  • episodes of depression, or a low mood

Older terms for bipolar disorder include manic depression and bipolar disease.

Bipolar disorder isn’t a rare condition. In fact, the National Institute of Mental HealthTrusted Source says that 2.8 percent of U.S. adults — or about 5 million people — have a bipolar disorder diagnosis.

read more


Creed – My Own Prison (Official Video)

Album: My Own Prison (1997)
Charted:  54
Creed guitarist Mark Tremonti wrote the music to this song, and lead singer Scott Stapp composed the lyrics, which are about his struggles with life at a time when he was questioning his faith. He realized he had created a prison within his own mind.

After Creed became wildly popular (and at the same time, reviled), Stapp created another kind of prison for himself with drug addiction, alcoholism, and a series of unflattering incidents the tabloids lapped up.

Ky Baldwin – Depression Is A Monster [Official Video]



She was broken
not softly-spoken
she carried a pain that we couldn’t see
but beneath that fantasy
she was all alone

She was faking her heart was breaking
did I tell her she was everything to me
that I’m right here and that she
she was not alone

Depression is a monster
that takes your heart as prey
while it leaves you drowning
and takes your breathe away
now it’s too late to save the day

It could be your mothers son
It could be your fathers daughter (anyone)
the funny guy at school
the girl you thought was the one

you’re more than a memory
you know you took a part of me (part of me)
You were my beautiful bird
left me with broken wings

Now I can’t fly with you

She was falling
just tryna hold-on
To a world that held her promises
A broken thread of confidence
Is all she’s never known

Depression is a monster
That leaves your heart to waste
while it leaves you drowning
and takes your breathe away
Now it’s too late
to save the day

It could be your mother’s son
It could be your father’s daughter (anyone)
the funny guy at school
the girl you thought was the one

you’re more than a memory
you know you took a part of me (part of me)
You were my beautiful bird
left me with broken wings

Now I can’t fly with you

It’s 8 months to the day
since I found you where you lay
with a note saying you were not ok
self-loathing and despair
hidden pages we were unaware
and a heart that just can’t repair
Now it’s too late
You’ve gone away

It could be your mother’s son
It could be your father’s daughter (anyone)
the funny guy at school
the girl you thought was the one

you’re more than a memory
you know you took a part of me (part of me)
You were my beautiful bird
left me with broken wings

It’s time to face the truth
I’ll never fly with you


Depression (major depressive disorder)


Depression is a mood disorder that causes a persistent feeling of sadness and loss of interest. Also called major depressive disorder or clinical depression, it affects how you feel, think and behave and can lead to a variety of emotional and physical problems. You may have trouble doing normal day-to-day activities, and sometimes you may feel as if life isn’t worth living.

More than just a bout of the blues, depression isn’t a weakness and you can’t simply “snap out” of it. Depression may require long-term treatment. But don’t get discouraged. Most people with depression feel better with medication, psychotherapy or both.

read more


What to Know Before Checking Yourself Into A Mental Hospital

Would you put yourself on voluntary psychiatric hold? One woman shares her story of inpatient psychiatric hospitalization and what she wishes she knew before she was admitted.

How to Admit Yourself Into A Mental Hospital

The first time I was admitted to the psych ward, I was 16. I was still a minor, so I had the benefit of boarding with the youth in the juvenile behavioral unit in the local hospital. I wasn’t prepared in the least for what I would see and encounter, nor was my mind in a state to readily accept this place.

Leading up to admission, I had the tell-tale behaviors of mania and depression. But at first, my family and I didn’t recognize these moods as symptoms of bipolar disorder.

While I waited for what seemed like hours in a hospital gown on a cold metal table in an ER admissions room by myself, Mom and Dad signed papers and consulted with the administration to see what could be done for my extraordinary outbursts and melancholy “suicidal” ideations—which, by the way, were not actually suicidal ideations or intentions.

I simply had a sense of my life being cut short—a symptom of manic paranoia—which the hospital interpreted as a threat of harm to myself or others. Another check on the list of criteria for admission.

read more



Sure, buying a new pair of platform sneakers or bike shorts can give you a little hit of happiness in the moment. (Dopamine, I know what you’re up to.) But can fashion make a meaningful difference when it comes to improving mental well-being in the long term?

A small but growing contingent of brands are banking on it. While their aesthetics and missions are all a little different, each one draws on the lessons of the mental health realness movement—namely, they’re aiming to start a conversation around mental health concerns in order to normalize and destigmatize them.  more